The giraffe is treated as the tallest living animal on earth. They can run fast, at a 35 km/hour speed in a short distance, whereas in the case of long-distance, the speed goes down to 10 km per hour. The Northern Giraffe is an artiodactyl mammal that includes the Giraffidae family, currently having a change in recognition by considering it as one of three subspecies: the Nubian giraffe, scientific name G. C. camelopardalis, the Kordofan giraffe. 

Northern Giraffe profile

The giraffe is a fascinating animal. The northern giraffe, scientific name Giraffa camelopardalis, also known as the three-horned giraffe, is a proposed species of giraffe endemic in North Africa. In fact, this is the beauty of nature and lives like the ornament of Africa.

The giraffe is typically an African animal. In the current IUCN taxonomic scheme, G.I. There is only one type of giraffe called Camelopardalis and nine subspecies. Many types of research and studies are made on giraffe’s lifestyle, origin, history, genetics, and biology.


The environment of Africa is quite suitable for their growing up. From 19 the 20th century onwards, Africa was abundant throughout the ages, ranging from Senegal, Mali, and Nigeria to West Africa to the north of Egypt.

West African giraffes once lived in Algeria and Morocco in ancient times, until the Saharan arid extinction due to dry weather. It is isolated in South Sudan, Kenya, Chad, and Niger. Therefore, it is transparent that the origin of the giraffe is very old.


All giraffes are thought to be in favor of extinction by the IUCN. On the 20th, about 97,000 individuals of all subspecies attended the forest. There are currently 5,195 northern giraffes available. Many movies, animations, and documentaries are featured on the giraffe because of the interest of the audience.

There are many giraffes in zoos around the world. On the forehead of the giraffe are two horn-like protuberances known as the Ossicone.

Giraffe is very tall and it makes them unique and awesome. The northern giraffe is taller and taller than the southern giraffe, though the male northern giraffe has a third cylindrical ossicone just 3 to 5 inches tall in the middle of the head. People love to see and get a lot of fun with a giraffe. 

Distribution and Habitat

We have northern giraffes living in savannah, bushland, and woodland. Following local extinction at various locations, northern giraffes are a small number of species and most endangered in East Africa, mostly in Kenya and southwestern Ethiopia, though rarely in the northeastern Democratic Republic of Congo and South Sudan.

There are about 2,000 in the Central African Republic, Chad, and Central African Cameroon. Once widespread in West Africa, several hundred northern giraffes were confined to the Curio Daso reserve in Niger. They are common both in and outside protected areas with safe habitats.

The early residents of the northern giraffe were in Chad towards the end of the Pliocene. Once upon a time, there was plenty in North Africa. Safari is an interesting and adventurous journey where people visit Africa and watch the giraffes’ lifestyle.

As per historians, giraffes lived in Algeria from the Pleistocene early in the Quaternary period. They lived in Morocco until the extinction as the dry weather in the Sahara made the situation impossible for the giraffes.

They are also extinct in Libya and Egypt. Interesting to know that a Giraffe needs to drink water once every few days. That means they don’t need much water every day, and therefore can live on drylands.

African Savana

Africa is a suitable place for the giraffe. The savannas, shrubs, and forests of Kenya and southwestern Ethiopia are the natural habitat of the northern giraffe, but the Democratic Republic of the Congo and South Sudan also has a good number of giraffe. Some countries paid huge attention to protecting their territory. 8% of Kenya’s territory is under protection, with more than 50 parks and reserves.

Kenya’s Aberdeen National Park offers giraffes a great habitat. A good number of giraffes naturally live on, breed, and grow in the calm and safe environment of the African national parks.

A giraffe can grow up in a number in the optimum environment. They are timid and gentle. There are hundreds of giraffe Camelopardalis in Niger’s Dosso Reserve, though there is a significant number outside the sanctuary that is at risk for predators.

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In captivity

According to the latest census, multiple local extinctions have occurred in several parts of Africa, making the northern giraffe species less populous and having a high probability of extinction. In addition to having some of the smallest populations of all subspecies, the tendency is decreasing in two of the three subspecies. This species is rare in captivity but is some of the largest in Egypt and the Al-Ain Giza Zoo in the United Arab Emirates.


Giraffes love to graze and eat from the tree. Since it lives in the open savannah in African countries, there is plenty of long growth and grass to eat. Giraffes are vegetarian and northern species are no exception.

Its natural environment provides a wide variety of leaves, flowers, fruits, and shrubs, which Babla has a significant percentage of her daily diet. In one day, they can feed up to 140 pounds of plants. More plants need to grow to keep the ecosystem on the roll.

The digestive system of the giraffe is unique. Due to their worrisome nature, their esophagus has a complex digestive system divided into four chambers and strong muscles that allow them to recover food from the stomach to the mouth. Giraffe’s neck is too short to bow down and have food from the ground. Under emotional stress, they chew the bark, and sometimes with dry bodies, they may get calcium from the bone. Typically, the bones of the giraffe are strong enough to keep the whole body on the move.

The movement of the giraffe greatly depends on nature and weather. During the rainy season, the giraffes spread over a wide area, but in the dry season, they gather around perennial trees and shrubs, as well as around bodies of water where they share space with other species of animals.

Visit Africa if you like to see an African Giraffe


The gestation period of the Northern giraffe is 15 months. Older men have the ability to mate with fertile wives. For this, they examine the reproductive status of the latter through their urinary tract and test.

Typically, young giraffes attract the attention of male partners, not the youngest or the oldest. While pregnant, the mother giraffe can move faster.

North Giraffe Baby facts

Giraffe gives birth to one baby at a time. After several hours, the baby can walk and stay for several months with the mother until it turns totally independent. The baby births occur in unity and mothers are always standing and children fall to the ground about six feet high. This is a natural process and does not have any problem with this fall.  

Within a few hours of birth, the calf instinctively stands with the help of the mother and begins to take the first step. A short time to make it is essential to avoid predators’ arrival. The mother is concerned to give safety to the kid and soon leaves for a safe place.


The growth of the giraffe is not quite smooth. There are many obstacles. Perhaps 25 years of age is low for us, but considering that giraffes live in difficult situations where there are both natural and anthropogenic threats and climate events, a high number that not all animals can tolerate.

Giraffes are a good choice for predator animals in the forest. Adults are less likely to be exposed to natural predators such as lions, leopards, hyenas, and African wild dogs because of their size, their developmental ability, and severe defenses in each of their kicks. Giraffe has learned several techniques in order to camouflage the predators.

However, sometimes they are defeated by the force of crocodiles who lean towards drinking water, taking advantage of the imbalanced positions they accept. This is not the case with the young and simple victims at the base of the beast, a party where one party chases the mother and the other kills the unsafe calf.

Human-caused conflicts anthropogenic causes such as poaching victims and the reduction or change in their habitat, or natural causes like drought are very common problems in Africa. Giraffe Hunting and killing are a good reason for extinction.


According to the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN), all giraffe species have a Declining trend, and the latest estimates indicate a population of about 1 northern giraffe across the continent.

The latest assessment that has put this species on the brink of extinction, especially in the West African subspecies, has greatly reduced the population caused by several issues. The good thing is, there are several conservation projects running in African countries.

In countries like Niger, a number of conservation projects focus primarily on educating the community about awareness of respect for natural diversity. Other countries like South Africa, Kenya, and Somalia also have some initiatives.

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