Some of the giraffe species are in a critically endangered state because of mostly man-made as well as natural reasons. The Nubian giraffe, scientific name Giraffa camelopardalis camelopardalis is the designated subspecies of the northern giraffe with awesome beauty, impeccable grandeur, and ornamented by nature.

Several species of giraffes find themselves teetering on the precipice of extinction, a dire predicament primarily fueled by a confluence of human-induced and natural factors. Among these majestic creatures stands the Nubian giraffe, bearing the scientific moniker Giraffa camelopardalis camelopardalis, a subspecies of the Northern giraffe bedecked in resplendent beauty and magnificent grandeur, bestowed upon it by Mother Nature herself.

A Portrait of the Nubian Giraffe

This exquisitely adorned giraffe graces the landscapes of Ethiopia, Kenya, Uganda, South Sudan, and Sudan with its regal presence. Alas, the Nubian giraffe has vanished from the Congo, Egypt, and Eritrea, submerged beneath the tides of the Democratic Republic. In these lands of plenty, where nature’s bounty overflows, it flourishes no more.

The Peculiar Habitat of Giraffes

Giraffes are discerning creatures, unable to thrive just anywhere on our vast planet. They carve their existence in specific domains. The Nubian giraffe, in particular, calls the expanse of Northeast Africa home. Regrettably, in 2018, the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) marked this subspecies as critically endangered, a damning designation wrought by perils and unyielding adversities.

A Classification and Evolutionary Odyssey

Within the vast tapestry of giraffes, the IUCN currently extends recognition to a single species harboring nine subspecies, among them, the illustrious Nubian giraffe. This subspecies, along with its kin, made its inaugural bow courtesy of the Swedish zoologist Carl Linnaeus Reagan. While in South Africa, all giraffes bear the uniform title of “Southern giraffes,” their distinctions lie exclusively in their splendiferous coats, hues, and geographic ranges; in all other facets, they remain united. Delving deeper demands an astute grasp of these subtle species variances.

Nubian  giraffe Habitat

Giraffe is born natural animal and loves to live in the wild, rather than in captivity. Giraffes live in open woodland and woodland. They can also be seen in open grasslands and occasionally on forest shores.  Since it is a long-neck animal with a comparatively bigger body, small trees or bushes are not suitable for them. Giraffes are most likely to be seen in dense plants, often in the dry season, but only in riparian thickets.

Nubian Giraffe Behavior

The Nubian Giraffe is a gentle, timid, and calm animal. One can often go as far as the giraffes go, and an umbrella extends their long, leathery tongue to drop a few leaves from the prickly babble. Giraffes are usually Duranal animals but roam at night. These are sometimes pronounced snores and grants but are usually silent creatures.

A giraffe can look around well with its flexible neck and sharp look. The giraffe is often heard only when the click of his hoof is raised when his feet are raised above the ground. From a distance, it can sense predators, feeding, or food.

These long-legged creatures have very few enemies. They are the most vulnerable when drinking, as they spell their front legs and lower their heads, often around dense, watery plants. Giraffes will drink only after careful viewing and this is done every two to three days.

In Botswana waterholes, it is often frustrating to see giraffes try to come in to drink, as the whole process can take hours; If the adults are not around, the lions can catch the young. Women will protect their youth against any attacker kicking with their back legs. By the age of 3, a giraffe’s mortality rate is about eight percent.

Since it’s quite cool and gentle, the giraffe doesn’t hunt people. They rarely attack local corn farms, and their feeding habits make them almost vulnerable to measles for their survival. They can be violent when sensing any danger, fear,  irritation, or any other need.

However, giraffes have been on the vulnerable list in the recent international threat species Red List due to the increasing pressure on development and hunting.

Nubian Physical Description

Nubian giraffe sharply defined chestnut color spots surrounded by mostly white lines, while the bottom part lacked spotting. The median body is developed, especially in the male giraffe. The giraffe is a social animal and may roam around in a group. They weigh up to 2,220 pounds and have a unique gait.

Both legs appear to be moving at the same time, making it look like the giraffe is rotating. During the race, the two toes went forward and planted trees in front of the forfeit.

Although their gait can see the final, giraffes can reach a maximum speed of 37 miles per hour.

The pattern of the giraffe coat is fixed to live, which makes it possible for human observers to distinguish one animal from another; However, with age, animals become thicker.

Male and Female

It is not easy to separate males from females, though men tend to grow older and spend more time feeding on tree shades, whereas women prefer to eat at the bottom of the tree. The giraffe has only seven uterine vertebrae in its long neck, no more than any other animal, though they are extremely long and workable in need.

Both sexes are borne with covered horns on the skin and topped with black hair.


By natural instinct, giraffes come together during the breeding season. Giraffes breed year-round. Women reach sexual maturity when they are 5 years old, not men when they are eight years old. Influential men will patrol the home range for heated women. Men test their wives by smelling them or checking their urine samples to see if they are acceptable.

If a dominant man finds a wife in a state of excitement, he will displace the lesser men and have intercourse with them until they have sexual relations. During their lifetime, wives may have 12 calves, each of which weighs about 220 pounds and is about six feet tall at birth. Twins are very rare. Births usually occur on a lining ground; This can lead to the formation of “crutches” where unwanted calves spend most of their days together on their own.

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Nubian giraffe Feeding habits

The giraffe does not feed all day, rather, they have some particular time to graze in the field. Feeding usually occurs from 6 am to 7 pm and again from 9 pm to 5 pm. The giraffes are ruminants and spend a good portion of the day resting and chewing them. They are exclusively browsers, confined to 95% of feed bushes and tree leaves. All parts – leaves, buds, shoots, and fruits are taken. On rare occasions, they will eat grass and shrubs.

Long bushy trees are suitable for their food. In most cases, the sighting giraffe prefers the leaves of certain Babula trees. Though there are plenty of spikes in the trees, the Nubians are so smart that they can easily manage to eat leaves without any injury. The giraffe is the tallest animal on the planet, with the exception of the largest ruminants (four-tailed animals). This uniqueness has made different lifestyles, habitats, food, and socialization.

Brushants are able to consume small amounts of food, collecting high amounts of nutrients from each leaf. The very wooden branches can only be selectively bent. A giraffe uses his hard tongue and lips very efficiently. Its crisp black tongue, which can reach up to 18 inches, curls around the branches. Giraffe saliva is exceptional when browsing the sticky and antiseptic, prickly branches. This makes their immune system stronger by nature.


The giraffe is particularly an African animal. Giraffes are found everywhere in Africa; Nubian giraffes were widespread throughout North Africa, from Kenya to Egypt from time immemorial. Giraffes live in savannah and woodland. Nubian giraffe currently lives in eastern South Sudan and southwestern Ethiopia and in isolated pockets of Uganda and Kenya. They live in the wild. Moreover, there are several conservation projects.

It was estimated in 2010 that fewer than 250 Nubians lived in the wild, though this number was uncertain and declining.

In captivity

The Nubian giraffe is one of the common giraffes present in captivity when combined with the reticulated giraffe, due to the introduction of the Rothschild’s giraffe into its subspecies. However, the original phenotype is rare, because the Al Ain Zoo in the UAE is the only known zoo outside Africa, where the endangered root phenotype breeds. Nubian giraffes are bred in captivity at the Giza Zoo in Egypt.

Nubian giraffe Socialization

As we have said, the giraffe is a social animal. The individual Nubian is the primary social unit of the giraffe community. Animals are grouped between two and 12 and the loose compositions change regularly, and as the adults come in, the animals gradually turn green.  They have their particular group and altogether from around the forest.

A giraffe grazes in a huge area without being tired. A woman’s home range can be as large as 48 square miles, but she will spend most of her time in the central part. Influential men have a tendency to wander in and out of the female room.

Nubian Fights

There may be some tussle in the group for several reasons. Fighting is rarely seen among influential men.  When they approach each other, they often pose a threat where they “stand tall” – this is usually enough to convince low-impact males to leave.   Serious conflict occurs only when the dominant classification breaks down. For example, when a new Nubian arrives on the trail.

A formal form of fighting known as “knocking” is carried out by a male giraffe, usually when a woman is in eustress. Animals are often associated with head and neck injuries. The “winner” of the fight often goes after the “loser” This often leads the observer to make the wrong decision that the wedding ceremony is a necklace.

It is a pride for the owner and the other members of the group rely on him.

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