(Last Updated On: April 15, 2021)

Arctic Fox has different phases of its life. The life cycle of the Arctic Fox is eventful, momentous, and remarkable for the animal as a whole. We cant signify any one stage of life more important than others. Rather, each and every phase of the arctic fox life cycle is equally important for the mammal’s survival.

The Arctic fox, scientific name Vulpes Lagopus, also known as a white fox or polar fox, runs its whole dynamic life cyclin in the Arctic area, often on tundra or mountains which is close to the icy ocean.

The arctic fox lives in a total of 3 to 6 years on average. This time is segmented in different phases, birth, infancy, maturity, and old age. The infant borns blind in the den, then gradually learn to see in 2-3 weeks, when they come out of the den.

In this article, I am going to talk about the arctic fox life cycle in detail.

Arctic fox life cycle


The mature adults attain about 50–60 cm (20–24 inches) in size, with its 30-cm (12-inch) long tail, as well as a weight of about 3–8 kg (6.6–17 kilos) supported by adequate food and nutrition.


As an adaptation to the local weather, Arctic foxes have quickly rounded ears, a brief muzzle, and fur-covered legs. By use of these, the arctic fox can survive in the snowy and dangerous environment.

Coloration and fur

Coloration is dependent upon whether or not the animal is of the “white” or the “blue” color part.

The fur of the white part is grayish-brown in summer and white in winter, whereas these of the blue part (blue foxes of the fur business) are grayish in summer and gray-blue in winter.


It feeds on no matter animal or vegetable materials are on the market and infrequently follows polar bears to feed on the stays of their kills.

Throughout summer it preys totally on rodents, reminiscent of lemmings; nevertheless, it could additionally take birds.

Within the winter the Arctic fox hunts birds, like reminiscent of ptarmigan, grouse, and puffins, and even reindeer, along with rodents.

Arctic fox life cycle

Arctic fox life cycle at a glance

Stage One: A female and male arctic fox mate making the feminine pregnant
Stage Two: The mother builds a den,
Stage Three: The arctic fox provides delivery to 6-12 infants,
Stage Four: The dad takes care of the mother and the infants, by defending them and bringing dwelling meals
Stage Five: At 4 weeks of age the infants begin leaving the den, lastly the younger begin looking on their very own!


Arctic foxes usually mate with just one associate per season, and a certain degree of monogamy when the breeding seasons approaches.

Mating happens from April to July, births happen from April by June for the primary litter and July or August for the second litter.

Throughout courtship, a pair playfully chases and tussles with each other. Females come into the warmth between February and April for an interval of as much as two weeks.

Development of Den

The Arctic fox is a burrow dweller and could also be lively at any time of day.

Arctic foxes don´t often use dens for a lot of the year. Just ahead of delivery, nevertheless, a natal den is ready. It’s often constructed into the facet of a ridge or esker, in a snow financial institution, or in a rock pile.

When the mother arctic fox is pregnant she builds a den for the infants.

In some circumstances, the dens are seen as mounds of as much as 4m in top on the open tundra. A longterm den sometimes has 4 to 12 openings, whereas very previous dens could have as much as 100.

A number of of those dens could happen in a given space, and plenty of have been handed down from one era to the following for hundreds of years.


Gestation averages 52 days however could differ between 51-57 days.

The common gestation interval is about 49-57 days. The variety of younger per litter varies with the provision of meals, particularly lemmings.

Litter Formation

The standard litter dimension is 5-8 cubs, though as many as 25 have been recognized. The younger are weaned at about 2-4 weeks and emerge from the den. They attain sexual maturity in as little as ten months.

The offspring are born between May and June. Litter size varies broadly relying on the health of the mom (attributable to meals availability) and could be fairly giant, between two and twenty-five pups.

6 to 12 pups are taken into account the norm, and the typical mass at delivery is 57g. Regardless of being cared for by each mother and father, most of the kits don’t survive to achieve maturity.


It often breeds as soon as yearly, producing a litter of as much as 20 dark-furred pups which might be born between April and June; gestation is about 52 days.

After the gestation period is over, the mother gives birth to 6-12 infants in a litter.


The infants go away the mom and farther at Four weeks of age.

The male guardian stays with the cubs, helping to feed them. He mates with the feminine a couple of weeks after the primary litter is born.

The pups are weaned at about 45 days after delivery and go away the den to dwell on their very own beginning in September or October of the same year.


Weaning happens between the second and fourth weeks, and full maturity is reached by their tenth month.


When meals are sparse, robust kits will cannibalize their weaker siblings, and in excessive shortages, the mother and father will abandon their young kids independently.


Younger change into sexually mature at 9–10 months of age. Arctic foxes can dwell as much as 10 years in zoos.


As a result of they’re depending on the lemming for meals, arctic fox populations exhibit comparable inhabitants cycles.

The Canadian Wildlife Service´s publication on arctic foxes mentions that the lemming inhabitants could be topic to a ten to twenty-times improve from one year to the next, and is topic to one hundred-times decline at the finish of its cycle.


The pups are additionally sometimes preyed on by bigger carnivores eagles, wolves, polar bears, and grizzly bears.


In order to save itself for the predators, as well as finding for foods, a young fox, or the matures migrate from one place to another. Foxes step by step improve their numbers solely to experience due to alack of food as well killed by the predators. These occasions steadily set off the migrations

A lifetime in the wild

within the wild, the average life expectancy of n Arctic fox is about 3-6 years.

Predation from different animals, trapping by people, and harsh arctic circumstances are some of the major causes of mortality.

Most kids die earlier than six months of age, and few adults survive next two years.

Lifetime in Captivity

Though captive arctic foxes can dwell as much as fifteen years in captivity, such longevity is remarkable compared to the wild.

I hope this article on Arctic Fox Life Cycle was handy to you.

Other Recommended Articles


Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *