(Last Updated On: April 15, 2021)

There are as many as 43 species of flying squirrels across Asia, Europe, and North America. Interesting to know that, a flying squirrel sail from one tree to another by a special membrane present in each front and back limb, by using a unique biological trick. It is to be mentioned here that bats are the only mammals that can actually fly in a real sense.

Flying squirrel, with its scientific name tetoromini or pterostini actually doesn’t fly, rather they glide from trees to the tree, or from the slopy areas like the roof, mountain, or any other structure.

Flying squirrels can glide, fly or soar around 150 to 500 feet.

Flying Squirrel profile

In this article, I am going to talk about Flying Squirrel endangered, pet, sounds, vs sugar glider, profile, facts, description, lifespan, reproduction, etc.


The bones of their limbs are long and their arms, legs bones, and distal vertebrae are short. Flying squirrels are able to control and operate the glide path with their limbs and tail.

Flying squirrels are not capable of flying like birds or bats; Instead, they walk among the trees.

They were able to achieve lift during the duration of these flights, with planes recorded 90 meters, or 300 feet.

There is a cartilage projection from the wrist that holds the scalp upward while gliding.

This specialized cartilage is present only in flying squirrels and not in other gliding mammals.

Compared with similar-sized squirrels, flying squirrels, north and south flying squirrels show length at the lumbar vertebrae and frontal bones, whereas the bones of the legs, hands, and distal vertebrae decrease in length.

The consequence for this difference is that unlike regular squirrels, flying squirrels do not adapt well to quadratic locomotion and therefore have to rely more on their gliding ability.

By gliding at high speeds, flying squirrels can quickly move from tree squirrels to large areas of forest.

Flying squirrels can travel long distances to increase their wind speed and lift them up.

Flying is a unique adaptation process by which the mammal avoids prospective predators as well as prevent injuries.

A flying squirrel also produces a large glide angle when approaching its target tree, reducing its velocity due to increased air resistance and allowing four organs to absorb the impact of the target.

Sometimes, the mammal hibernates as a part of its biological need. Squirrel hibernation varies considering climate as well as species.

The mammal remains active all year-round.

Most of the time of year, the mammal take sheltered dens in trees, fat reserves, and food caches in order to survive the cold weather.

During that time, they feed on the preserved diets they collect and store in the summer.

During the day, a flying squirrel sleeps in tree cavities. They are social mammals and often roam around or sleep in groups of four to 12 individuals particularly during the winter.

They have their body odor to spray in the mouth of danger, sending messages to the companions, or during the breeding seasons.


The southern flying squirrel can glide a long way, which is over 80 yards. During the process, the squirrel stretches out its legs, as well as spreads out the fold of skin between the front and hind legs simultaneously in order to form a glider wing useful for their fly.

Most are nocturnal and sovereign, love to move independently.

It is a perfect flyer or glider, and while in motion, the squirrel is very confident, agile, and swift as well as able to turn or change their direction, speed, angle, and motion.

They are not capable of flying in the same way as birds or bats but are able to rise from one tree to another with the help of Patagium, a ribbed, parachute membrane that extends from the wrist to ankle.

Providing durability on their long tail flights provides that they are dramatically similar to other squirrels, but there are multiple variations that fit their lifestyle.

Squirrels are intelligent and skilled to deal with challenges and meet the needs of nature.

Flying squirrel


The squirrels eat varied diets, such as fruit, seeds, buds, flowers, insects, gastropods, spiders, fungi, bird eggs, and tree snakes.

Flying squirrels are usually nocturnal because they are not able to escape the birds of prey during the day. They eat according to their environment.

They are omnivorous and will eat whatever food they get. South American squirrels eat squirrels, insects, gastropods (slugs and snails), spiders, shrubs, flowers, fungi, and tree sap.

Life cycle

The life expectancy of flying crabs in the wild is about six years, but flying squirrels can survive up to fifteen years in the zoo.


Young flying squirrels have higher mortality rates due to predators and diseases.

Flying squirrel hunters include tree snakes, raccoons, owls, martens, fishers, coyotes, bobcats, and feral cats.

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Reproduction and care

The breeding season for flying squirrels is during February and March. When the children are born, the female squirrel lives with them in the maternity home.

Mothers provide care and protection until they leave home. Men do not participate in the upbringing of their children.

In the coming weeks of their lives, they practice jumping and gliding. After two and a half months, their gliding skills are perfect, they are ready to leave home, and are able to survive independently.

Young people are born in a home and first, become naked, blind, and helpless.

At birth, flying squirrels are mostly hairless, excluding their phosphors, and most of their sensation is not present.

Their internal organs are visible through the skin and can be interpreted by their penis.

In five weeks, they have almost fully developed. At this point, they can react to their environment and begin to develop a mind of their own.

They are taken care of by their mother and are able to practice gliding skills in five weeks so that they are ready to leave home within ten weeks.

Some captive-born southern flying squirrels have become domestic pets and they are attracted to look.



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