(Last Updated On: April 15, 2021)

Do you know the red squirrels are very good swimmers and can beat many other animals in speed in the water? Another name of the red squirrel is the Eurasian red squirrel which has the scientific name Cirrus vulgaris.

This particular squirrel can reverse their ears like dogs, in order to hear sound and signals from 360-degree angles. This is an arboreal species epidemic all over Eurasia as well as some parts of America.

Red Squirrel Cirrus vulgaris profile

In this article, I am going to talk about red squirrel sounds, lifespan, facts, profile, description, and conservation.


The red squirrel loves to live in trees, and dominates Scots pine, Norway spruce, and Siberian pine, occupying boreal, coniferous wood in northern Europe and in Siberian forests.

They are available in loud woods in western and southern Europe where a mixture of trees and shrubs provides food sources all the year-round.


The interesting fact is that there are clear left d right combinations between red squirrels.

The left-hander holds a cone with the top towards the left side and capitalizes its left hand in order to rotate the cone, in the case of the right-handed, the case is vice versa.

They have a bigger head compared to some other species. The head of the red squirrel measures 19 to 23 centimeters (7.5 to 9 inches), along with a tail length of 15 to 20 cm (6 to 8 inches). The weight of the cute mammal is 250 to 340 grams (8.8 to 12.0 oz).

The important fact is that size is quite similar in the case of males and females. It is to be noted that the red squirrel is significantly smaller than the eastern gray squirrel.

The red squirrel is a tiny mammal with an exceptional sense of smell. This helps the animal a lot to identify food, danger, nature as well as the partner during the mating season.

The long tail is very useful for the squirrel. It helps the squirrel balance when jumping from tree to tree, running along the branches, and additional force while escape from the predators.

Moreover, this fury tale also helps the squirrel keeping itself warm during sleep, as well as in winter.

The Sharp and curve nails of the red squirrels help them a lot to adapt to the environment. This sort of useful nails enables the mammal to rise and fall on tree trunks, thin branches, cables, and even walls of the house.

The squirrel has stiff curtain legs that enable them to cover the distance between trees very easily. The red squirrel also has the ability to swim in need.

Color and Shedding

The red squirrel coat varies according to color, the season of the year as well as the location they live. There are color morphs of different color coats from black to red.

Red clothing is most commonly seen in the squirrels inhabited in Great Britain; In different regions of Europe and Asia, coats of different coats exist among the population, much like the color of people’s hair.

The bottom part of the red squirrel is always white-creamy colored.

Shedding helps the squirrel to revive its fur and color of the body naturally. The red squirrel sheds its cover twice a year, removing from a thin summer cover with thick, dark winter coats in August and November, with noticeably larger ear-tufts, which is a common and typical feature of red squirrel species.


The red squirrel eats most of the tree seeds, grating cones to get the seeds inside, fungi, nuts, especially hazelnut but beech and chestnut, berries, and shoots.

Sometimes, they also take small rats, insects, and birds’ eggs or nests during the scarcity of other regular food.

Ecology and behavior

They remain active in the early morning and in the afternoon. The squirrel is a busy animal and keeps searching for its foods for the present as well as for the future most of the time.

They hide their food far away to deceive the thieves, and sometimes don’t find their own food later on.

They make their nest with leaves, trunks, wood pallets, and other dry parts of the tree.

The red squirrel is a lonely creature and shameful and unwilling to share food with others. Mostly move around in the daytime and take a rest at night.

Males are not necessarily dominant over females, dominant animals are larger and older than subordinate animals, and dominant males have a greater home range than subordinate males or females.

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At the time of mating male red squirrels identify suitable females that spray smelly oestrus from the body.

By the attraction of the scent, males chase the fertile female for copulation up to an hour before mating

It is common that multiple males may be in a fight with over a single female.

Autumn is the best season for their reproduction. The mating takes place between February and March till the late winter as well as between June and July in summer.

sometimes the female ay has two liters a year. On average, three kids are there in a liter.

The gestation period is about 38 to 39 days. The kids are cared for by single mothers and are born naked, helpless, blind as well as deaf.

Gradually they turn independent with time and intensive care from the mother.

The weight of the kids at birth is between 10 and 15 grams. The naked and red bodies turned a little furry by 21 days, the kids can see in the eyes and can listen in the ears after three to four weeks. The babies have their teeth by 42 days.

The juvenile red squirrels can eat solids food after 40 days of birth. This is the time when they leave home in order to find food on their own.

Yet during these days, the juvenile keep sucking their mother’s milk which lasts up to 8 to 10 weeks.

Life Expectancy

The initial day of life is very crucial for the squirrel since they have to fight predators, and the environment, as well as need to learn new skills in order to survive in the coming days.

The red squirrel that survives its first winter has a life expectancy of 3 years. Individuals can live around 7 to 10 years in captivity.

Survival greatly depends on autumn-winter tree seed availability for food. On average, 75-85% of adolescents die during the winter, and the first is about 50% of winter mortality.

Predators and Threats

The life of the squirrel is not safe and sound at all. Many sorts of dangers and threats are luring all the time.

Arboreal predators include small mammals such as pine martens, wildcats, and stoats that house nests.

Owls, hawks, goshawks weasels, bazaars, can also take red squirrels. Red foxes, cats, and dogs can prey on redwoods when they are on the ground.

People destroy or change habitats, damaged roads, and affect the size and mortality of red squirrel populations to a great extent.

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The red squirrel is mostly protected in Europe. It is listed on the IUCN Red List as the least concern. 

It is true that the red squirrel is abundant in nature and there is little conservation worry throughout most of its range.

However, the number of red squirrels has declined dramatically in the UK and other parts of Europe caused by food concern and attack by predators.

Several conservation projects have been taking in order to stop the declining and make sure the sanctuaries for the red, cute mammals



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