(Last Updated On: April 15, 2021)

The European pine marten is a beautiful mammal, the fur they have is appreciated to lead their numbers declined over time.

They are not aggressive in general condition, and there are no recorded incidents of pine martens attacking humans.

With the scientific name Martes martes, the European pine marten is a mustelid native to Northern Europe.

The European pine marten is a slender mammal, which has a pointed face and a long bushy tail in order to help the animal balance in trees, as well as run on the ground faster while chasing h prey or escaping from the predators.

This article will give an overview of European pine marten, pet, facts, diet, habitat, size, lifespan, and fun facts.

European pine marten profile and facts

European pine marten roams around grasslands adjoining to a particular area. Their territory is marked by depositing their feces across the perimeter.

Distribution and habitat

You will find the European pine marten through most of continental Eurasia, from western Europe in the west to western Siberia in the east.

The span also encompasses the northern edge of the coniferous forest in the north to Asia Minor in the south.

This diversification of habitat and distribution has made this mammal dramatically unique and adaptive to the changing nature, environment, and challenges.

The mammal often makes its den in hole wood, under the root, or scrub-covered fields.


With its 19-27 inches long body, the mammal is has a similar size to a domestic home cat.

It has a bushy tail with a length of 25 cm (10 in). Males are distinctively bigger than females with their weigh around 1.5–1.7 kg (3.3–3.7 lb).

This mammal has amazing senses of sight, scent, and listening to. With these abilities, they ger privileges over other mammals, as well as ver the preys.

The size of the males is often 10-30% larger than females, because of a large geographical range they can vary greatly in size.

This mammal is similar to mink, weasel, or stoat. The distinguishing features include the smaller size of the Weasels, stoats, and the American mink as well as their much darker fur.

While the other mammals are found mostly on the ground, Pine martens are much more likely to be seen in trees.


Among others, the European pine marten is extremely elusive, very shy, amazingly clever, and completely nocturnal.

This mammal is a solitary species that only comes together during the breeding season.

These variations and traits have made the mammal adaptive for a long time in the changes in natural phenomena.

The European pine marten is the one mustelids with semi-retractable claws. This allows them to steer extra arboreal life, reminiscent of climbing or operating on tree branches, though they’re additionally comparatively fast runners on the bottom.

They’re primarily energetic in the evening as well as at night. They move silently and have small, rounded, extremely delicate ears.

The cute, slender mammal has a sharp tooth tailored for consuming small mammals, birds, bugs, frogs, and carrion.

They may roam around a group, and the group of Pine martens has an interesting name, and its called ‘richness’.

The European pine marten is a skilled climber and can run very well even on the trees with the sharp claws they have.

The mammal usually hunts on the ground. Of the mustelids, the Pine marten is the only one with semi-retractable claws.

The pine marten’s name comes from its habitat, pine forests.

European pine martens are territorial animals that mark their vary by depositing feces in the surrounding areas, The feces is called scats.


A European pine marten has a variation in diet, it eats berries, birds’ eggs, nuts, small mammals, carrion, birds, insects, voles, rabbits, squirrels, and honey. With the diversification of the diet, this mammal is contributing to the ecosystem to a great extent.


The European pine marten has lived to 18 years in captivity, however, within the wild, they will reside as much as 11-14 years.

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Color and Fur

The European pine marten’s fur is often mild to darkish brown. It’s brief and coarse in the summertime, rising longer and silkier through the winter.

A European pine marten has a rich brown fur contrasts as well as a creamy-yellow ‘bib’ on the throat and chest to make them distinguishes from other mammals.

The rounded ears have pale fur whereas the main part of the body color of the pine marten varies according to the seasons, the thick coat turns mid-brown in winter, and shorter and darker in summer.

These scats are black and twisted and may be confused with these of the fox, besides that they apparently have a floral odor.

Reproduction, care, and parenting

The mammal experiences it sexually maturity at around 14 months of age. Copulation often happens on the ground and might last more than 1 hour.

The female experiences a “false heat” if not get involved during the mating season.

At that time, the hormonal levels increase and individuals are less tolerant of other animals in their territory, shows instability, anger, and aggressiveness.

Mating of the European pine martens happens in July and August however the fertilized egg doesn’t enter the uterus for about 7 months.

The younger European pine marten is often born in late March or early April after a 1-month-long gestation interval.

The kids come out after the implantation of the fertilized egg, in litters having 1 to 5 infants.

Younger European pine martens weigh around 30 grams at the beginning, born naked, blind, and red in color.

The younger start to emerge from their dens around 7-8 weeks after birth and are in a position to disperse from the den around 12-16 weeks of birth.

The first few weeks outside the den is very challenging as the infants are vulnerable to the predators.

The mother takes care of the babies as much as she can and teaches many useful skills to be required in the latter part of independent life.


Predators such as golden eagles, purple foxes, wolves, and wildcats, people are the biggest risk to pine martens.

Though they are considered as the Least Concern and the population is stable, illegal hunt for coat and loss of habitats are some of the other reasons for threats.

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