(Last Updated On: April 15, 2021)

The Vietnam ferret-badger, scientific name Melogale cucphuongensis is a member of the family Mustelidae native to Vietnam. It was described in 2011 and is thought of from solely two specimens.

Vietnam Ferret-Badger profile

Body size: 36.Zero cm / 14.1 in
Tail size: 17 cm / 6.7 in
Weight: 0.eight kg / 1.7 lb
Lifespan: Unknown (wild), unknown (captivity)
Range: Unknown, however, one specimen was present in Cuc Phuong National park, Northern Vietnam.
Conservation standing: Data poor
Subfamily: Helictidinae

The Vietnamese ferret-badger, additionally arguably erroneously known as the Vietnam ferret-badger, is essentially the most just lately found of the 5 species of Melogale.

The Vietnamese ferret-badger was found in 2011 within the Cuc Phuong National Park in northern Vietnam, and to this point is solely recognized to exist in this native space.

Because the invention is of the current date, nearly no information exists relating to this specific species notably when it comes to diet and behavior, though these are presumed to be just like the Chinese ferret-badger, which inhabits the Indochina area and the three different recognized ferret-badger species which inhabit Java, Borneo, and Bali.

Distribution and habitat

The solely two specimens recognized come from a site that consists of a compound of buildings in a degraded lowland evergreen forest fringe (second specimen) and from a location close to it (first specimen), within the Cúc Phương National Park in Northern Vietnam, within the Ninh Bình Province.

It shouldn’t be recognized whether or not this site is a consultant of the species’ habitat. The site is located on limestone, which has given rise to the hypothesis that the species would possibly rely on a karst habitat, as do different animals within the area.

Vietnam Ferret-Badger Physical Description

Vietnam ferret-badger is small weighing between 1 and 3 kg at maturity. Melogale personata have an elongated body that may attain a head and body size starting from 330 mm to 430 mm long.

They have bushy tails between 150 mm to 230 mm long. Their legs resemble a typical badger as a result of they’re quick with broad paws and enormous claws utilized in digging.

Vietnam ferret-badger, like all ferret badgers, have partially webbed toes and ridges on the pads of their feet. These traits are believed to be diversifications for climbing.

Vietnam ferret-badger has grayish to brownish fur with a lighter fur on their underside. They have white heads with black markings together with a black band throughout their muzzle and one other throughout the brow between their ears.

Vietnam ferret-badgers have thinner black stripes on their face than the Chinese ferret badger. The white dorsal stripe of the Vietnam ferret-badger runs from its head to the bottom of the tail.

This distinguishes it from the Chinese ferret badger as a result of within the Chinese species the dorsal stripe doesn’t attain the bottom of the tail.

Vietnam Ferret-Badger Appearance

Vietnamese ferret-badgers have a coat of darkish brown with silver-tipped guard hairs beneath, leading to a “frosted” look whereas their underside ranges from light brown to cream, with their cheeks, neck, and throat being lighter in color than the remainder of the pinnacle.

Their most outstanding characteristic is that of the snout, which is distinctively long and slim; nearly shrew-like.

They have a number of whitish spots on the brow and a small white stripe bordered by black strains which run from the pinnacle all the way down to the shoulders but lacks the distinct masks of their taxonomic siblings.

The tail is long, bushy, and uniformly colored, whereas the paws are cream-colored with long sharp curved claws. Only one male specimen has been correctly scientifically documented, so variations between the sexes and between people of the same sex are unknown.

Habitat

Little is thought in regards to the Vietnamese ferret badger’s habitat. However, like different ferret-badgers, it’s possible that they reside in burrows, hollows, or different small areas and are prone to be achieved diggers.

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Vietnam Ferret-Badger

Vietnam Ferret-Badger Behavior

Vietnam ferret-badgers are primarily nocturnal. However, they’ve restricted day exercise normally centered around daybreak and nightfall and lasting no more than a number of hours.

Vietnam ferret-badger spends a lot of the day sleeping in a burrow or natural shelter. They don’t dig their very own holes to create burrows, as a substitute they use preexisting burrows. Information is restricted relating to ferret badgers’ social organizations, house ranges, and territories.

One research confirmed male ferret badgers have house ranges that are massive sufficient to embody the ranges of a number of females, roughly four to 9 hectares.

Researchers have steered that members of the genus Melogale are solitary besides through the breeding season, but more analysis is required to additional perceive the social organization and reproductive behavior.

Vietnam Ferret-Badger Food Habits

The Vietnam ferret-badger forages totally on the ground, however, they do spend a while in bushes looking at insects and snails. Vietnam ferret-badger has bigger teeth than the opposite Melogale species.

The large teeth of Vietnam ferret-badgerta are regarded as an adaptation for crushing arduous shelled bugs and mollusks (primarily snails).

The Vietnam ferret-badger additionally eats cockroaches, grasshoppers, and earthworms. They additionally prey upon small mammals, together with younger rats, frogs, toads, small lizards, carrion, small birds, bird eggs, plant matter, and fruit.

Diet

They may be presumed to be just like the Chinese ferret-badger, which are omnivores that feed on snails, worms, seeds, bugs, small mammals, and frogs in addition to fruit.

Reproduction

Researchers in Thailand reported the average litter size of Vietnamese ferret-badger is three cubs. Burmese ferret badgers are born in burrows, simply before the wet season.

They are fed within the burrow for 2 to 3 weeks by their mom. Beyond this just about nothing is thought in regards to the reproductive cycle and life history of Vietnamese ferret-badger.

Conservation

The Vietnam ferret-badger is presently labeled as Data Deficient by the IUCN, and no particular menace estimate is deemed possible. The species might be beneath looking pressure because the site is closely hunted and one of many specimens had apparently escaped from a snare (though the presence of the ferret-badgers signifies that they will not be closely impacted by this).

Habitat loss as a consequence of deforestation is a common menace to ecosystems within the area, which probably applies to this species as properly.

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